Academic honesty demonstrates one's respect and recognition for the
integrity and intellectual property of the works of others.
Academic honesty includes the avoidance of cheating, plagiarism,
fabrication, and facilitating academic dishonesty. Cheating is one of
the most widespread violations of academic honesty.
- Cheating is the act of using, viewing, storing, or submitting work that belongs to someone else without approval.
- Plagiarism is the use of ideas, phrases, or other materials without properly citing the source
- Fabrication is falsifying or inventing information, misrepresenting one's self.
- Facilitating academic dishonesty involves helping someone else violate standards of academic honesty.
Images and Copyrighted Work
You must obtain the permission of the copyright holder of an image
before using, reproducing, or manipulating it in an assignment or
research paper. It is a good idea to verify whether you have permission
to use an image before including it in your work, rather than saving
this step for last. In some cases blanket permission for educational
purposes is granted in advance through the terms of a database license
or the terms described by the online collection's owner. This is the
case for Databases Available Through SFU Library.
Though you may obtain permission to use an image, you must still
credit the copyright holder. In statements of usage rights on websites,
this practice is often called "attribution." In some cases, you will be
instructed to attribute the image to an institution that owns the
copyright. When citing, include as much of the information below as
- Image creator's name (artist, photographer, etc.)
- Title of the image
- Date the image (or work represented by the image) was created
- Website and/or Database name
When dealing with freely viewable collections on the Internet, look
for a page with copyright information, a license statement, terms and
conditions, or permissions. This page may give blanket permission for
educational purposes, instruct you to check copyright terms for each
image, or ask that you contact the image owner for permission to use it.
In other cases, you may be required to pay a usage fee.
Creative Commons Licenses
A growing number of online images are being published with Creative
Commons licenses (for example, many of the images on Flickr and
Wikimedia Commons). These licenses are designed to give copyright
holders a range of permission options for digital intellectual property
and in most cases allow educational uses. Particularly if you would like
to alter an image or incorporate elements of it into a new art work,
you should examine the license for details of how you are allowed to use
the image. To see the license, click on the Creative Commons logo or
the Creative Commons License link.
You will sometimes see images described as being "in the public
domain." This refers to works that belong to the community at large, are
not protected by copyright, and may be appropriated by anyone. For
example, in Canada, most works pass into the public domain after fifty
years following the end of the calendar year in which the author died.
However, it is important to realize that while a work may be in the
public domain, a specific edition or image of the work may be under
Stanford University created an informative web site
dedicated to fair use. Please take a few moments to browse the site to
refresh or deepen your understand of copyright and fair use.